Environment and Sustainability
In the report reviewed by ISPRA on the trend of national electricity production from different energy sources, emission factors for greenhouse gases and other air pollutants have been developed. The emission factors are indispensable for the planning and monitoring of measures to reduce CO2 emissions. Gross domestic electricity production from renewable sources increased from 34.9 TWh in 1990 to 114.5 TWh in 2018 with a sustained increase from 2008 until 2014 and a decrease in recent years.
Photovoltaic and wind energy show the most significant increase in particular since 2007 the share of renewable sources assumes a relevant dimension, with a contribution to the reduction of atmospheric emissions higher than that recorded for the other components. For electricity consumption, decomposition analysis shows that efficiency contributes to the reduction of atmospheric emissions only in the industrial sector, which reveals a rather heterogeneous structure for the various sectors, while in the tertiary sector the decrease in emission factors for electricity production is offset by the increase in electricity consumption.
In the domestic sector there is a strong decoupling between electricity consumption and corresponding air emissions. A comparison of the greenhouse gas emission factors of thermoelectric power plants shows that the national emission factor is among the lowest in the main European countries.
Al Fibra Globe has been contributing to the reduction of CO2 emissions into the atmosphere for almost 10 years thanks to the installation of photovoltaic panels for the production of electricity.